1. INTRAUTERINE INSEMINATION (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination ( IUI ) — a type of artificial insemination — is a procedure for treating infertility. Sperm that have been washed and concentrated are placed directly in your uterus around the time your ovary releases one or more eggs to be fertilized.
2. IN VITRO FERTILIZATION (IVF)
In vitro fertilization (IVF) is a complex series of procedures used to help with fertility or prevent genetic problems and assist with the conception of a child. During IVF, mature eggs are collected (retrieved) from ovaries and fertilized by sperm in a lab.
3. INTRACYTOPLASMIC SPERM INJECTION (ICSI)
Intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI ) is an in vitro fertilization (IVF) procedure in which a single sperm cell is injected directly into the cytoplasm of an egg. This technique is used in order to prepare the gametes for the obtention of embryos that may be transferred to a maternal uterus.
Testicular sperm extraction (TESE) is the surgical procedure of removing a small portion of tissue from the testicle and extracting any viable sperm cells from that tissue for use in further procedures, most commonly intracytoplasmic sperm injection (ICSI) as part of in vitro fertilization (IVF). TESE is often recommended to patients who cannot produce sperm by ejaculation due to azoospermia.
5. IVF EGG DONATION
Egg donor IVF is a fertility treatment option for those who can’t use their own eggs, for whatever reason. Especially when using a screened egg donor (as opposed to a family member or friend), the success rates for egg donor IVF are good—higher than the average IVF success rates for couples not using a donor.
6. REPRODUCTIVE SURGERY
Reproductive surgery is using surgery in the field of reproductive medicine. It can be used for contraception, e.g. in vasectomy, wherein the vasa deferentia of a man are severed but is also used plentifully in reproductive technology.
7. SPERM FREEZING
Sperm freezing and storage is the procedure whereby sperm cells are frozen to preserve them for future use. Scientists freeze the sperm using special media then keep sperm in liquid nitrogen at minus 196C, and it can be stored for many years while maintaining a reasonable quality.
8. EMBRYO FREEZING
Embryo freezing is a procedure that allows people to store embryos for later use. … A doctor can then transfer the embryo to the womb, or uterus. If the treatment is successful, the embryo will develop. Fertilization often results in more than one embryo, and the doctor can freeze and preserve the remaining embryos.
Hysteroscopy is a procedure that allows your doctor to look inside your uterus in order to diagnose and treat causes of abnormal bleeding. Hysteroscopy is done using a hysteroscope, a thin, lighted tube that is inserted into the vagina to examine the cervix and inside of the uterus.
10. BLASTOCYST CULTURE
Blastocyst culture refers to growing the embryos in the laboratory for two more days at which point they are referred to as blastocyst embryos.
Blastocyst transfer simply means that the blastocyst embryos are transferred to the woman’s uterus on day 5 in exactly the same way that day 3 embryos are.
11. TESTICULAR BIOPSY
Testicular biopsy is a procedure in which a small portion of the testicle is removed for examination. The biopsy is performed by creating a small incision in the skin of the scrotum. A small piece of the testicle tissue is removed through the incision by snipping the sample off with small scissors.
12. LASER ASSISTED HATCHING (LAH)
Assisted hatching is used to help the embryo hatch from its protective outer shell, the zona pellucida, and promote implantation in the uterine wall after embryo transfer. Prior to the clinical availability of the lasers, only mechanical or chemical methods could be used for assisted hatching of human embryos in clinical settings. Laser-assisted hatching requires less handling of the embryo than these other assisted hatching methods.